Gardening Indoors – The Conservatory in 19th-Century Europe


Berthe Morisot (French painter, 1841-1895) Young Girl in a Greenhouse At the beginning of the 19th-century, using the word conservatory as another term for a greenhouse had begun to change. The conservatory was evolving into a social gathering place for the privileged.Edouard Manet (French Realist, Impressionist painter, 1832-1883) In the Conservatory In 1782, Europe Magazine noted that "The idea of a Conservatory opening by a folding door into his saloon, is too fine to be left unfinished."Edouard Manet (French Realist, Impressionist painter, 1832-1883) Madame Manet in the Conservatory 1879 In England, Humprey Repton (Scottish botanist & garden designer, 1752-1818) gave a plan well adapted for this new, more social purpose. At one end of this design an aviary (1) is surrounded by a conservatory (2), and joined to a glass passage for flowers (3), which leads successively through an orangery (4), lobby (5), music-room (6), library (7), print and picture-room (8), breakfast-room (9), anti-room (10), dining-room (11), hall (12), and peach and green-house.Eduard Gaertner (German artist, 1801–1877) Family of Mr. Westfal in the Conservatory 1836 John Claudius Loudon (Scottish-born botanist & garden designer, 1783-1843) wrote in his 1822 Encyclopedia of Gardening, "The conservatory is a term generally applied by gardeners to plant-houses, in which the plants are grown in a bed or border without the use of pots. They are sometimes placed in the pleasure-ground along with the other hot-houses ; but more frequently attached to the mansion. The principles of their construction is in all respects the same as for the green-house, with the single difference of a pit or bed of earth being substituted for the stage."Frances (Jones) Bannerman (Canadian-born artist, 1855-1944), The Conservatory In 1824, Sir Walter Scott wrote in his historical novel Redgauntlet, "The present proprietor had rendered it (the parlor) more cheerful by opening one end into a small conservatory…I have never seen this before." The transition was well underway. ( written by Barbara Wells Sarudy )


John Atkinson Grimshaw (English artist, 1836-1893) Il Pensoroso James Jacques Joseph Tissot (French artist, 1836-1902) In the Greenhouse 1867-69 James Jacques Joseph Tissot (French artist, 1836-1902) The Bunch of Lilacs 1875 James Jacques Joseph Tissot (French artist, 1836-1902) In the conservatory James Jacques Joseph Tissot (French artist, 1836-1902) Portrait in the conservatory Jane Maria Bowkett (British painter, 1837-1891) Young Lady in the conservatory Lilla Cabot Perry (American artist, 1848-1933) In the Conservatory 1915 Louise Abbema (French painter, 1853-1927) Luncheon in the Conservatory 1877 Lovis Corinth (German Painter, 1858-1925) Woman with Lilies in the Conservatory 1911 Mary Cassatt (American artist, 1844 – 1926) Mother and Child in the Conservatory Mihaly Munkacsy (Hungarian-born artist, 1844-1900) In the conservatory Paul Cezanne (French artist, 1839-1906) Madame Cezanne in the Conservatory William Quiller Orchardson (Scottish artist, 1832-1910) In The Conservatory 1894 ( written by Barbara Wells Sarudy )











Olga Boznanska (Polish Impressionist painter, 1865-1945) Oranzerii

H. R. Miller (British artist) Family Portrait in a Conservatory 1850

Harry E. J. Browne (British artist) Tea in the Conservatory

Benjamin Haughton (British artist, 1865–1924) Woman in Conservatory with Roses

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