Archive for 2013/10/06

Flower Still Lifes Instead of Real Flowers in the 1600s


Abraham de Lust (Flemish artist, active mid 17th century) Flower Still Life Now an abundant everyday item, cut flowers were prized luxuries in 17th-century Europe. Only the most affluent could afford to have them in their homes or plant them in their gardens. A general growing prosperity during the course of the 17th century, however, eventually caused flower gardens to become more popular. The garden was considered an extension of the home and vice versa, with garden bouquets often decorating the home.

Abraham Mignon (Dutch Baroque Era Painter, 1640-1679) Hanging Bouquet of Flowers Introduced from Asia around 1600, the anemone, crocus, hyacinth and tulips were immensely popular in Europe. The Dutch trade in flower bulbs, tulips in particular, proved a highly lucrative business. In around 1630, at the height of ‘Tulip Mania,’ an exceptional tulip bulb could cost as much as an entire house on a Dutch canal.

Alexander Adriaenssen (Flemish Baroque Era painter, 1587-1661) Flowers in Glass Vase The average citizen simply could not afford a bouquet for home. The first flower still lifes appeared in the Netherlands during the early 1600s, as a means of meeting the demand for flowers. A painting of a flower was much less expensive than an actual bouquet and lasted generations instead of days. Many early flower still life painters were German, Dutch, and Flemish. Some trained there, then moved throughout Europe and sailed to England to supply the growing demand, as the popularity of the genre spread.

Ambrosius Bosschaert the Elder (Dutch Baroque Era Painter, 1573-1621) Glass with Four Tulips 1615 Flower still lifes were still in vogue during the 18th and 19th centuries, when the rise of large-scale commercial bulb-growing transformed the Netherlands into the flower nation that it remains to this day. Export of those bulbs made the flowers of these still lifes available on both sides of the Atlantic.

Barbara Wells ~

Balthasar van der Ast (Dutch Baroque painter, 1593-94–1657) Still Life with Flowers 1632

Cornelis de Heem (Dutch Baroque Era Painter, 1631-1695) Still Life with Birds

Elias van den Broeck (Dutch Baroque painter, 1649–1708) Vase of Flowers

Jacob Marrel (Dutch Baroque Era Painter, ca.1613-1681) Flower Study

Jan Davidsz. de Heem (Dutch Baroque painter, 1606-1683-84) Still Life

Jan Philip van Thielen (Flemish Baroque painter, 1618–1667) Still Life of Flowers

Jan van Kessel (Antwerp, 1626-idem, 1679) Still Life

Maria van Oosterwyck (Oosterwijck) (Dutch Baroque painter, 1630-1693) Flower Still Life 1669

Peter Binoit (German artist, fl 1611-1620) Flowers in a Glass Beaker 1620

Roelandt Savery (Flemish Northern Renaissance painter, 1576-1639) Flowers in a Niche 1611

Simon Verelst (Dutch Baroque Era Painter, c 1644-1721) Flowers in a Vase 1669

Willem van Aelst (Dutch artist, 1627-1683) Flower Still Life 1656


Laundry in 1800s Europe


 

Gustave Caillebotte (French painter, 1848–1894), Laundry Drying, Petit Gennevilliers 1892
When I was a child, Monday was laundry day. Today we just toss soiled linens into the washer, no matter the hour or day of the week. But when I drive through the nearby Amish countryside, where electric appliances are not allowed, I realize that laundry has been drying on the lines & blowing in the winds for centuries, even when snow covers the ground.
~Barbara Wells~

John Thomas Peele (English-born American genre artist, 1822–1897) The Song of the Shirt

Berthe Morisot (French artist, 1841-1895). Woman Hanging Out the Wash
Berthe Morisot (French artist, 1841-1895). Hanging the Laundry Out To Dry

Charles Rossiter (British painter, 1827-1897) Song of the Shirt – Folding the Laundry

Elin Kleopatra Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) A Sunny Day

Camille Pissarro (Caribbean-born French Impressionist Pointillist Painter, c 1830-1903) Family Garden

Edgar Degas (French painter, 1834–1917) Laundress Carrying Linen 1876

Camille Pissarro (Caribbean-born French Impressionist Pointillist Painter, c 1830-1903) The Laundry Woman 1898

Camille Pissarro (Caribbean-born French Impressionist Pointillist Painter, c 1830-1903)  Woman Tending the Laundry 1887

Frederic Ulrich (American expatriate painter, 1858-1908) Washerwomen Seville

Camille Pissarro (Caribbean-born French Impressionist Pointillist Painter, c 1830-1903) Woman Hanging Laundry 1887

Helen Allingham (née Helen Mary Elizabeth Paterson) (English painter, 1848–1926) Hanging the the Washing

Helene Schjerfbeck (Finnish artist, 1862-1946) Drying Laundry, 1883.

Jean-François Millet (French painter, 1814–1875) Les lavandières

Pierre Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist painter, 1841-1919)

Gustave Caillebotte (French painter, 1848–1894) Laundry Drying 1892

Camille Pissarro (Caribbean-born French Impressionist Pointillist Painter, c 1830-1903)  Les laveuses

Albert Edelfelt (Finnish Academic painter, 1854-1905) Laundresses 1893
Willibald Alfred Reuter (German artist, 1868-1899) Auf dem Wäschetrockenplatz 1899
Edgar Degas (French artist, 1834-1917). In a Laundry 1884

Edgar Degas (French painter, 1834–1917) Washer Women

Thomas Liddall Armitage (1800-1900) Washing Day

Désiré François Laugée (French artist, 1823 – 1896) Le linge de la ferme

Emile Claus (Belgian artist, 1849-1924) Sunny Day 1899